Tag Archives: china machinery

China manufacturer High-Quality Forged Steel Farm Machinery Transmission Parts Drive Axle axle barbell

Product Description

 

Product Description

Product Name:   High-Quality Forged Steel  Farm Machinery Transmission Parts Drive Axle
Material: 40CrMo

Weight: From 0.2kg to 5kg

Packing: Wooden case

Minimum Order: 1000pcs

Customization: Available based on your drawings or sample

Company Name: HiHangZhou Precision Forging Technology Co., Ltd.

 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

Products Quality Control

Quality control at HiHangZhou Precision Forging Technology Co., Ltd. involves meticulous inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products. The quality control process includes:

  1. Analysis of incoming raw materials using a metallographic microscope to ensure the chemical composition meets production requirements.
  2. Timely sampling during production to ensure defect-free products and address any quality issues promptly.
  3. Utilization of a magnetic particle flaw detector to detect hidden cracks or defects in metal parts.
  4. Sampling of finished metal parts for mechanical performance tests, size measurement, and 100% manual surface quality inspection.

Check out the pictures of the relevant testing equipment below:

 

Quality Management System Control

At HiHangZhou Precision Forging Technology Co., Ltd., we adhere to strict system management in accordance with ISO9001 and TS16949 quality standards. Our production site implements 5S lean production management to ensure efficiency and quality.

Production Management Site:

Our production management site is dedicated to upholding the highest quality standards to meet the needs of our customers.

 

Our Advantages:

Brand

As a subsidiary of the esteemed HiHangZhou Group, a globally recognized high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise, we have a solid reputation for collaboration with renowned companies worldwide.

Technology

With over 25 years of experience in forging and casting equipment manufacturing, our team of technicians and R&D personnel ensures the production of high-quality products efficiently.

Service

We offer custom and standard manufacturing services with a focus on quality and timely delivery, supported by effective communication channels.

Culture

Our unique corporate culture fosters individual potential and drives sustainable company growth.

Social Responsibility

Committed to low-carbon environmental practices, energy conservation, and emission reduction, we are a leading example of responsible production in our local community.

Company Culture

Our Vision

To become 1 of the leading companies.

Our Mission

To become a platform for employees to realize their dreams.

To become a transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises.

To set national brands with pride.

Our Belief

Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to society.

Values

Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate.

Innovation inspired and failures tolerated.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Q: Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
    A: We are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products, and have high machining capabilities.
  2. Q: What series products do you offer?
    A: We specialize in forming processing of ferrous metals through casting, forging, and machining for various industries.
  3. Q: Do you provide samples? Is it free?
    A: Yes, we provide samples following traditional practices, with customers covering freight costs.
  4. Q: Is OEM available?
    A: Yes, OEM services are available.
  5. Q: What’s your quality guarantee?
    A: We prioritize continuous product quality improvement, backed by strict quality control measures and certifications like ISO/TS16949 and SGS.
  6. Q: How about the Packing?
    A: We typically use iron boxes or wooden cases, customizable based on customer preferences.
  7. Q: What is your minimum order quantity?
    A: Minimum order quantities vary based on product features such as material, weight, and construction.
  8. Q: What is the lead time?
    A: Lead times for new dies or molds and production vary but typically range from 30-45 days.
  9. Q: What payment methods do you accept?
    A: Payments can be made via T/T or L/C with a 30% deposit in advance and 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

Certification

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Processing Object: Metal
Molding Style: Forging
Molding Technics: Pressure Casting
Samples:
US$ 20/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle

Are there guidelines for choosing the right axle for towing heavy loads?

When it comes to towing heavy loads, selecting the appropriate axle is crucial for ensuring safe and efficient towing performance. While the specific guidelines may vary depending on the vehicle and towing requirements, there are general considerations to keep in mind when choosing the right axle. Here’s a detailed explanation of the guidelines for selecting the right axle for towing heavy loads:

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR):

One of the primary factors to consider is the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) provided by the vehicle manufacturer. The GAWR specifies the maximum weight that an axle is designed to support safely. It is essential to ensure that the selected axle’s GAWR is sufficient to handle the anticipated weight of the loaded trailer and any additional cargo or passengers in the towing vehicle. Exceeding the GAWR can lead to axle failure, compromised handling, and safety risks.

Towing Capacity:

Check the towing capacity of your vehicle, which represents the maximum weight that the vehicle is rated to tow. The axle’s capacity should align with the towing capacity to ensure safe and efficient towing. Consider the type and size of the trailer you intend to tow, including its loaded weight, tongue weight, and any weight distribution considerations. The axle should be capable of handling the anticipated load without exceeding its capacity.

Matching Axle and Suspension:

The axle and suspension system work together to support the weight of the vehicle and the trailer being towed. It is important to ensure that the axle and suspension are properly matched to provide adequate support and stability. Consider the type of suspension (leaf springs, coil springs, air suspension) and the axle’s design (solid axle, independent suspension) to ensure compatibility and optimal towing performance.

Braking System:

When towing heavy loads, the braking system plays a critical role in maintaining control and safety. Ensure that the axle is equipped with appropriate brakes that can handle the increased load. Consider the type of brakes, such as electric brakes or hydraulic brakes, and their capacity to provide sufficient stopping power for the combined weight of the towing vehicle and trailer.

Weight Distribution:

Proper weight distribution is essential for safe towing. The axle should be selected based on the anticipated weight distribution between the towing vehicle and the trailer. Consider factors like tongue weight and the use of weight distribution hitches or sway control devices to ensure balanced weight distribution and optimal handling characteristics.

Consult Manufacturer Recommendations:

Always refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, specifications, and guidelines when selecting an axle for towing heavy loads. The manufacturer’s guidelines will provide accurate and vehicle-specific information to help you make the right choice. Consult the owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer directly for any specific towing-related recommendations.

It’s important to note that towing requirements and axle specifications can vary depending on the vehicle make and model, as well as regional regulations. It is advisable to consult with automotive experts, such as mechanics or dealerships, who have expertise in towing and can provide specific recommendations based on your vehicle and towing needs.

axle

What are the symptoms of a failing CV joint, and how does it relate to the axle?

A CV (constant velocity) joint is an essential component of the axle assembly in many vehicles. When a CV joint starts to fail, it can exhibit several symptoms that indicate potential problems. Here’s a detailed explanation of the symptoms of a failing CV joint and its relationship to the axle:

Symptoms of a Failing CV Joint:

1. Clicking or popping sounds: One of the most common signs of a failing CV joint is a clicking or popping sound when making turns. This noise usually occurs during tight turns and may indicate worn-out or damaged CV joint bearings.

2. Grease leakage: A failing CV joint may leak grease, which can be seen as dark-colored grease splattered around the CV joint or on the inside of the wheel. Grease leakage is typically caused by a cracked or damaged CV joint boot, which allows the lubricating grease to escape and contaminants to enter.

3. Excessive vibration: A worn-out CV joint can cause vibrations, especially during acceleration. The vibrations may be felt in the steering wheel, floorboards, or even the entire vehicle. These vibrations can become more noticeable as the CV joint deteriorates further.

4. Difficulty in turning: As the CV joint wears out, it may become difficult to turn the vehicle, especially at low speeds or when making sharp turns. This symptom is often accompanied by a clicking or popping sound.

5. Uneven tire wear: A failing CV joint can lead to uneven tire wear. If the CV joint is damaged or worn, it can cause the axle to wobble or vibrate, resulting in uneven tire tread wear. This can be observed by visually inspecting the tires and noticing uneven patterns of wear.

Relationship to the Axle:

The CV joint is an integral part of the axle assembly. It connects the transmission to the wheels and allows smooth power delivery to the wheels while accommodating the up-and-down motion of the suspension. The axle shaft is responsible for transmitting torque from the transmission to the CV joints and ultimately to the wheels.

Axles contain one or more CV joints, depending on the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration. In front-wheel drive vehicles, each front axle typically has two CV joints, one inner and one outer. Rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive vehicles may have CV joints on both the front and rear axles.

The CV joint consists of a joint housing, bearings, and internal ball bearings or rollers. It is protected by a rubber or thermoplastic CV joint boot, which seals in the grease and protects the joint from contaminants. When the CV joint fails, it can affect the axle’s ability to transmit power smoothly and result in the symptoms mentioned above.

Regular inspection and maintenance of the CV joint and axle assembly are crucial to identify and address any issues promptly. If any of the symptoms mentioned earlier are observed, it is recommended to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to determine the exact cause and perform necessary repairs or replacements.

axle

Are there aftermarket axles available for upgrading performance in off-road vehicles?

Yes, there are aftermarket axles available for upgrading performance in off-road vehicles. Off-road enthusiasts often seek aftermarket axle options to enhance the durability, strength, and performance of their vehicles in rugged and demanding terrains. Here’s some information about aftermarket axles for off-road applications:

1. Upgraded Axle Materials:

Aftermarket axles are typically made from high-strength materials such as chromoly steel or forged alloys. These materials offer superior strength and durability compared to stock axles, making them better suited for off-road use where extreme loads, impacts, and torsional forces are encountered.

2. Increased Axle Shaft Diameter:

Some aftermarket axles feature larger diameter shafts compared to stock axles. This increased diameter helps improve the axle’s load-carrying capacity and resistance to bending or torsion. It can also enhance the overall durability and reliability of the axle in off-road conditions.

3. Upgraded Axle Splines:

Axles with upgraded splines are designed to handle higher torque loads. Aftermarket axles may feature larger and stronger splines, providing increased power transfer capabilities and reducing the risk of spline failure, which can occur in extreme off-road situations.

4. Locking Differentials:

Some aftermarket axle options include integrated locking differentials. Locking differentials improve off-road traction by mechanically locking both wheels on an axle together, ensuring that power is distributed evenly to both wheels. This feature can be advantageous in challenging off-road conditions where maximum traction is required.

5. Lifted Vehicle Compatibility:

Aftermarket axles are often designed to accommodate lifted vehicles. Lift kits that raise the suspension height can impact the axle’s operating angles. Aftermarket axles may offer increased articulation or modified geometry to maintain proper alignment and reduce the risk of binding or premature wear.

When considering aftermarket axles for off-road vehicles, it’s essential to choose options that are compatible with your specific vehicle make, model, and suspension setup. Working with reputable manufacturers, consulting with experienced off-road enthusiasts, or seeking advice from professional mechanics can help you select the most suitable aftermarket axle upgrades for your off-road needs.

Lastly, it’s important to keep in mind that upgrading axles alone may not be sufficient for maximizing off-road performance. Other components such as suspension, tires, differential gears, and drivetrain systems should be considered as part of a comprehensive off-road build to ensure optimal performance, reliability, and safety.

China manufacturer High-Quality Forged Steel Farm Machinery Transmission Parts Drive Axle   axle barbellChina manufacturer High-Quality Forged Steel Farm Machinery Transmission Parts Drive Axle   axle barbell
editor by CX 2024-04-09

China Standard Agricultural Machinery Parts 62735-17011 Cover Oil Seal Axle axle clamp tool

Product Description

How to keep your  harvester running in top condition?
Maintain your machine timely, and keep enough stock of  harvester parts.

How to keep your  harvester running in top condition? Maintain your machine timely, and keep enough stock of  harvester parts.
Quality and cost-saving CZPT harvester parts have a profound impact on the way the farmer running their crops

We are an over 20 year experience agriculture parts manufacturer.TiHangZhou aims to manufacturer a wide selection of combine harvester parts. 
Since our market has huge users of  harvester, so we know very well what our clients need for the  harvester parts.

You can find the full scope of Kubota/Yanmar/World harvester parts .
We will be proud to be listed on your long-term harvester spare parts manufacturers or other  spares suppliers in the soon future

Product Description

Brand agrotianda
Package Wooden case / Carton / nude package/frame
Trademark customizable
HS 8433909000
Origin ZheJiang ,china
Production Capacity 15000 Tons / Year

                   
        DHangZhou TIHangZhou INTELIGENT TECHNOLOGY Co., Ltd. is a high tech company specializing in R&D, design, manufacture, sales and service of high-tech agricultural equipment. TIHangZhou’s products are widely used in farmland, orchard, forest plant protection, and other fields. 
TIHangZhou has professional product technology talents and experienced team, not only provide customers with quality products, first-class technology, but also provide with perfect and thoughtful service. TIHangZhou committed to be your ideal partner and will always be committed to your requirement. TIHangZhou has applied for a number of national patents, will build mature laboratories and production workshops. At present, the domestic business has expanded to ZheJiang , ZheJiang , ZheJiang , ZheJiang , HangZhouang, ZheJiang , Northeast China and other places in China, and has established close cooperative relations with customers in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Columbia more than 30 countries.

Based on advanced scientific research technology and professional team, TIHangZhou Will closely follow the trend of the “Internet +” era in the country and will provide more comprehensive intelligent integrated services for domestic and foreign companies to create a new type of smart agriculture. It will make an important contribution to safeguarding agricultural security and increasing people′s income. 

FAQ

1. What’s the MOQ? 

A:Each partnumnber at least 20 pcs.

2.Which brand do you produce?
A:We can produce spare parts of World /Yanmar/Kubota/Mubota harvester.

3. How to order parts?
A:Send me partnumber and qty , I will according qty give you best price.

4.What’s your Payment terms?
A:30% payment in advance by TT, 70% balance before delivery.

Q5:How long is your delivery time?
A:World/Yanmar/Kubota parts 7-15 days,Mubota parts 20-30 days.

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Type: Spare Parts
Usage: Harvester
Material: Material
Power Source: No
Weight: 1lbs
After-sales Service: Free Spare Parts
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

Where can I buy axle seals for preventing fluid leaks in my vehicle’s axles?

When it comes to purchasing axle seals to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles, there are several options available. Here are some places where you can buy axle seals:

1. Automotive Parts Stores:

Visit local automotive parts stores such as AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, O’Reilly Auto Parts, or NAPA Auto Parts. These stores typically have a wide range of automotive seals, including axle seals, in stock. You can either visit the physical store or check their online catalogs to find the specific axle seal you need for your vehicle.

2. Dealerships:

If you prefer to purchase genuine OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) axle seals, consider visiting a dealership authorized by your vehicle’s manufacturer. Dealerships often carry original parts that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of axle seals for your vehicle.

3. Online Retailers:

Online retailers like Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer a wide range of automotive parts, including axle seals. These platforms provide the convenience of browsing and purchasing axle seals from the comfort of your home. Make sure to check the product details, specifications, and customer reviews before making a purchase.

4. Local Mechanics and Repair Shops:

Local mechanics and repair shops often have access to a variety of automotive seals, including axle seals. They can source and install the appropriate seals for your vehicle during maintenance or repair services. Reach out to trusted local mechanics or repair shops in your area and inquire about their availability and pricing for axle seals.

5. Manufacturer’s Online Stores:

Some vehicle manufacturers have their own online stores where you can purchase genuine OEM parts, including axle seals. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their online parts store. You can search for the specific axle seal needed for your vehicle using your vehicle identification number (VIN) or the model details.

6. Salvage Yards:

If you are looking for cost-effective options or rare axle seals, salvage yards can be an option. Salvage yards specialize in selling used parts salvaged from vehicles. However, when purchasing from salvage yards, it’s important to carefully inspect the condition and compatibility of the axle seals to ensure they are suitable for your vehicle.

When purchasing axle seals, make sure to provide accurate information about your vehicle’s make, model, and year to ensure you get the correct seals that fit your vehicle’s axle specifications. Additionally, consider factors such as the quality of the seals, warranty options, and return policies when making your purchase decision.

Remember, if you are unsure about the specific axle seals required for your vehicle or need assistance with installation, it is recommended to consult with a qualified mechanic or technician who can guide you in selecting the right seals and ensure proper installation to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles.

axle

What is the difference between front and rear axles in a typical vehicle?

In a typical vehicle, there are distinct differences between the front and rear axles due to their respective roles and functions. Here are the key differences:

  1. Position:
  2. The main difference between the front and rear axles is their position in the vehicle. The front axle is located in the front of the vehicle, while the rear axle is positioned at the rear. This positioning is determined by the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration.

  3. Steering:
  4. The front axle is responsible for steering the vehicle. It is connected to the steering system, allowing the driver to control the direction of the vehicle. The front axle typically includes components such as steering knuckles, tie rods, and steering linkages.

  5. Driving:
  6. The rear axle is primarily responsible for driving the vehicle’s wheels. It receives power from the engine through the transmission or differential and transfers that power to the rear wheels. The rear axle may include components such as axle shafts, differential gears, and wheel hubs.

  7. Suspension:
  8. Both the front and rear axles play a role in the vehicle’s suspension system, but their configurations and functions differ. The front axle typically incorporates suspension components such as control arms, struts, or independent suspension systems to provide better handling, stability, and ride comfort. The rear axle may have a solid axle setup or independent suspension depending on the vehicle’s design.

  9. Load Distribution:
  10. The load distribution on the front and rear axles varies. In a typical vehicle, the front axle carries the weight of the engine, transmission, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight due to the front-end weight bias. The rear axle bears the weight of the vehicle’s occupants, cargo, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight. This distribution helps maintain proper balance and stability during acceleration, braking, and cornering.

  11. Driving Characteristics:
  12. The differences between the front and rear axles can influence the vehicle’s driving characteristics. The front axle’s role in steering affects the vehicle’s maneuverability and responsiveness. The rear axle’s responsibility for driving the wheels affects traction, acceleration, and stability, particularly in rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive vehicles.

It’s important to note that the specific configurations and characteristics of front and rear axles can vary depending on the vehicle’s make, model, and drivetrain system. Different types of vehicles, such as front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, or all-wheel drive, may have variations in axle design and functionality.

Understanding the differences between the front and rear axles is essential for proper maintenance, repairs, and modifications of the vehicle’s drivetrain and suspension systems. If you have specific questions about your vehicle’s axles, it’s recommended to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual or seek advice from qualified mechanics or automotive professionals.

axle

How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

China Standard Agricultural Machinery Parts 62735-17011 Cover Oil Seal Axle   axle clamp toolChina Standard Agricultural Machinery Parts 62735-17011 Cover Oil Seal Axle   axle clamp tool
editor by CX 2024-03-28

China Best Sales Rong Nan Agricultural Machinery Tractor Axle 1504 Front Drive Axle axle bolt

Product Description

Benefits:
Quick refunds on orders under US $1,000
Claim now
Model Number
135-180 hp
Lead Time:
Quantity(pieces)    1 – 100    101 – 300    301 – 500    >500
Est. Time(days)    3    5    10    To be negotiated
Customization:
Customized logo(Min. Order: 500 pieces)
Customized packaging(Min. Order: 500 pieces)
More
Shipping:
Support Sea freight
Overview
Quick Details
Condition:
New
Warranty:
1.5 years, 1 Year
Applicable Industries:
Manufacturing Plant, Machinery Repair Shops, Farms, Retail
Weight (KG):
10 KG
Showroom Location:
None
Video outgoing-inspection:
Provided
Machinery Test Report:
Provided
Marketing Type:
Ordinary Product
Type:
front axle of tractor
Use:
Tractors
Place of Origin:
ZheJiang , China
Brand Name:
RN
After Warranty Service:
Spare parts
Local Service Location:
None
Size:
2150*506*380
Color:
Optional
Quality:
High-Quality
Application:
Wheel Tractor
OEM:
OEM/ODM service provided
Name:
1504.31.001
Website:
Supply Ability
Supply Ability
3000 Piece/Pieces per Month
Packaging & Delivery
Packaging Details
As customers’ needed
Port
ZheJiang
Lead Time:
Quantity(pieces)    1 – 100    101 – 300    301 – 500    >500
Est. Time(days)    3    5    10    To be negotiated
  /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Condition: New
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

What is the role of axles in electric vehicles, and how do they differ from traditional axles?

Electric vehicles (EVs) have unique requirements when it comes to their drivetrain systems, including the axles. The role of axles in EVs is similar to traditional vehicles, but there are some key differences. Here’s a detailed explanation of the role of axles in electric vehicles and how they differ from traditional axles:

Role of Axles in Electric Vehicles:

The primary role of axles in electric vehicles is to transmit torque from the electric motor(s) to the wheels, enabling vehicle propulsion. The axles connect the motor(s) to the wheels and provide support for the weight of the vehicle. Axles are responsible for transferring the rotational force generated by the electric motor(s) to the wheels, allowing the vehicle to move forward or backward.

In electric vehicles, the axles are an integral part of the drivetrain system, which typically includes an electric motor(s), power electronics, and a battery pack. The axles play a crucial role in ensuring efficient power transfer and delivering the desired performance and handling characteristics of the vehicle.

Differences from Traditional Axles:

While the fundamental role of axles in electric vehicles is the same as in traditional vehicles, there are some notable differences due to the unique characteristics of electric propulsion systems:

1. Integration with Electric Motors: In electric vehicles, the axles are often integrated with the electric motors. This means that the motor(s) and axle assembly are combined into a single unit, commonly referred to as an “electric axle” or “e-axle.” This integration helps reduce the overall size and weight of the drivetrain system and simplifies installation in the vehicle.

2. High Torque Requirements: Electric motors generate high amounts of torque from the moment they start, providing instant acceleration. As a result, axles in electric vehicles need to handle higher torque loads compared to traditional axles. They are designed to withstand the torque output of the electric motor(s) and efficiently transmit it to the wheels.

3. Regenerative Braking: Electric vehicles often utilize regenerative braking, which converts the vehicle’s kinetic energy into electrical energy and stores it in the battery. The axles in electric vehicles may incorporate systems or components that enable regenerative braking, such as sensors, controllers, and electric brake actuators.

4. Space Optimization: Electric vehicles often have different packaging requirements compared to traditional internal combustion engine vehicles. The axles in electric vehicles are designed to accommodate the space constraints and specific layout of the vehicle, considering the placement of the battery pack, electric motor(s), and other components.

5. Weight Considerations: Electric vehicles strive to optimize weight distribution to enhance efficiency and handling. Axles in electric vehicles may be designed with lightweight materials or innovative construction techniques to minimize weight while maintaining structural integrity and durability.

It’s important to note that the specific design and characteristics of axles in electric vehicles can vary depending on the vehicle manufacturer, drivetrain configuration (e.g., front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, all-wheel drive), and other factors. Automotive manufacturers and suppliers continually innovate and develop new axle technologies to meet the evolving demands of electric vehicle propulsion systems.

axle

Can you provide insights into the advancements in axle technology in recent years?

In recent years, there have been significant advancements in axle technology to enhance performance, efficiency, and safety in vehicles. Here are some insights into the key advancements:

  1. Lightweight Materials:
  2. One notable advancement is the use of lightweight materials in axle construction. Manufacturers have increasingly utilized materials such as aluminum alloys and high-strength steels to reduce the weight of axles without compromising strength and durability. Lighter axles contribute to improved fuel efficiency and overall vehicle performance.

  3. Electronic Differential:
  4. Electronic differentials, also known as eDiffs, have gained popularity in recent years. They utilize sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to monitor and distribute torque between the wheels more efficiently. Electronic differentials enhance traction, stability, and handling by actively managing torque distribution, especially in vehicles equipped with advanced stability control systems.

  5. Advanced Axle Bearings:
  6. Axle bearings have seen advancements in design and materials to reduce friction, improve efficiency, and enhance durability. For example, the use of roller bearings or tapered roller bearings has become more prevalent, offering reduced frictional losses and improved load-carrying capacity. Some manufacturers have also introduced sealed or maintenance-free bearings to minimize maintenance requirements.

  7. Electric Axles:
  8. With the rise of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles, electric axles have emerged as a significant technological advancement. Electric axles integrate electric motors, power electronics, and gear systems into the axle assembly. They eliminate the need for traditional drivetrain components, simplify vehicle packaging, and offer benefits such as instant torque, regenerative braking, and improved energy efficiency.

  9. Active Suspension Integration:
  10. Advancements in axle technology have facilitated the integration of active suspension systems into axle designs. Active suspension systems use sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to adjust the suspension characteristics in real-time, providing improved ride comfort, handling, and stability. Axles with integrated active suspension components offer more precise control over vehicle dynamics.

  11. Improved Sealing and Lubrication:
  12. Axles have seen advancements in sealing and lubrication technologies to enhance durability and minimize maintenance requirements. Improved sealing systems help prevent contamination and retain lubricants, reducing the risk of premature wear or damage. Enhanced lubrication systems with better heat dissipation and reduced frictional losses contribute to improved efficiency and longevity.

  13. Autonomous Vehicle Integration:
  14. The development of autonomous vehicles has spurred advancements in axle technology. Axles are being designed to accommodate the integration of sensors, actuators, and communication systems necessary for autonomous driving. These advancements enable seamless integration with advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving features, ensuring optimal performance and safety.

It’s important to note that the specific advancements in axle technology can vary across different vehicle manufacturers and models. Furthermore, ongoing research and development efforts continue to drive further innovations in axle design, materials, and functionalities.

For the most up-to-date and detailed information on axle technology advancements, it is advisable to consult automotive manufacturers, industry publications, and reputable sources specializing in automotive technology.

axle

Are there aftermarket axles available for upgrading performance in off-road vehicles?

Yes, there are aftermarket axles available for upgrading performance in off-road vehicles. Off-road enthusiasts often seek aftermarket axle options to enhance the durability, strength, and performance of their vehicles in rugged and demanding terrains. Here’s some information about aftermarket axles for off-road applications:

1. Upgraded Axle Materials:

Aftermarket axles are typically made from high-strength materials such as chromoly steel or forged alloys. These materials offer superior strength and durability compared to stock axles, making them better suited for off-road use where extreme loads, impacts, and torsional forces are encountered.

2. Increased Axle Shaft Diameter:

Some aftermarket axles feature larger diameter shafts compared to stock axles. This increased diameter helps improve the axle’s load-carrying capacity and resistance to bending or torsion. It can also enhance the overall durability and reliability of the axle in off-road conditions.

3. Upgraded Axle Splines:

Axles with upgraded splines are designed to handle higher torque loads. Aftermarket axles may feature larger and stronger splines, providing increased power transfer capabilities and reducing the risk of spline failure, which can occur in extreme off-road situations.

4. Locking Differentials:

Some aftermarket axle options include integrated locking differentials. Locking differentials improve off-road traction by mechanically locking both wheels on an axle together, ensuring that power is distributed evenly to both wheels. This feature can be advantageous in challenging off-road conditions where maximum traction is required.

5. Lifted Vehicle Compatibility:

Aftermarket axles are often designed to accommodate lifted vehicles. Lift kits that raise the suspension height can impact the axle’s operating angles. Aftermarket axles may offer increased articulation or modified geometry to maintain proper alignment and reduce the risk of binding or premature wear.

When considering aftermarket axles for off-road vehicles, it’s essential to choose options that are compatible with your specific vehicle make, model, and suspension setup. Working with reputable manufacturers, consulting with experienced off-road enthusiasts, or seeking advice from professional mechanics can help you select the most suitable aftermarket axle upgrades for your off-road needs.

Lastly, it’s important to keep in mind that upgrading axles alone may not be sufficient for maximizing off-road performance. Other components such as suspension, tires, differential gears, and drivetrain systems should be considered as part of a comprehensive off-road build to ensure optimal performance, reliability, and safety.

China Best Sales Rong Nan Agricultural Machinery Tractor Axle 1504 Front Drive Axle   axle boltChina Best Sales Rong Nan Agricultural Machinery Tractor Axle 1504 Front Drive Axle   axle bolt
editor by CX 2023-12-27

China Good quality OEM ODM Tractor Part Pto Drive Transmission Shaft for Agriculture Machinery near me supplier

Product Description

OEM ODM Transmission Shaft for Farm Machine and Agriculture Machine

1. Power or torque related to alternating load you require.  

2. Cross journal(Universal joint) size which decides torque of a PTO Shaft:  

3 Closed overall length (or cross to cross) of a PTO shaft.  

4 Tubes or Pipes  

FAQ

1. Q: Are your products forged or cast?

    A: All of our products are forged.

2. Q: Do you have a CE certificate?
    A: Yes, we are CE qualified.
3. Q: What’s the horse power of the pto shaft are available?
    A: We provide a full range of pto shaft, ranging from 16HP-200HP.
4. Q: How many splined specification do you have ?
    A: We produce 1 1/8″-Z6, 1 3/8″-Z6, 1 3/4″-Z6, 1 3/8″- Z21, 1 3/4″-Z20, 8X42X48X8 and 8X32X38X6 splines.
5. Q: How about the warranty?
    A: We guarantee 1 year warranty. With quality problems, we will send you the new products for free within next shipment.
6. Q: What’s your payment terms?
    A: T/T, L/C, D/A, D/P….
7. Q: What is the delivery time?
    A: 30 days after receiving your advanced deposit.
8. Q: What’s your MOQ?
    A: 50 PCS for each type.

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China Good quality OEM ODM Tractor Part Pto Drive Transmission Shaft for Agriculture Machinery     near me supplier China Good quality OEM ODM Tractor Part Pto Drive Transmission Shaft for Agriculture Machinery     near me supplier

China wholesaler France Hot Sale Agricultural Machinery Dq854 85HP 4WD Strong Power Four Wheel Drive Farm Tractor with Ce Certificate near me factory

Product Description

France Hot sale Agricultural machinery DQ854 85HP 4WD Strong power 4 wheel drive Farm tractor with CE certificate

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:

1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Tractor Model  DQ854
Drive type 4WD
Engine
Engine model  YTO or CZPT brand, 4 cylinder diesel engine
Capacity of fuel tank(L) 150
Engine power(kw/hp) 62.5kw/85HP
PTO power at rated speed (kw) 53
Transmission 
Clutch  Dry,dual-stage type
PTO Speed(rpm)  540/1000 or 760/1000
Gearshift     8F+4R(common) /16F+8R(optional)/8F+8R(optional)  
Hydraulic system 
Hydraulic output valve 2-Group (optional)
Three point linkage 
Category of 3-point link Category II
Lifting force (at point of 610mm)KN >16
Technical parameter 
Dimension LxWxH (mm)  4593x2050x2810
Wheel base(mm) 2195
Track base(mm) front wheel 1610
Track base(mm) rear wheel  1620-2571(usual 1620)
The smallest clearance(mm) 379
Front tyre 11.2-24
Rear tyre 16.9-34(common) / 18.4-30(optional) 
Optional Configurations
Common cabin with Fan; Heater cabin; AC cabin; ROPS; Canopy (Sunshade); 8F+8R shuttle gearshift, 16F+4R creeper gearshift, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve; Front ballast;Rear ballast; Paddy tire, 18.4-30 big rear tire, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity/40HC 3 Sets in Nude packing for CBU shipping

DQ854 85HP 4WD Tractor details :

DQ854 85HP4WD Tractor have different configurations for you choose:

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Tractor Packing, Loading container and  Delivering goods to Customers :

Please contact us if you have any demand for our product :

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China wholesaler France Hot Sale Agricultural Machinery Dq854 85HP 4WD Strong Power Four Wheel Drive Farm Tractor with Ce Certificate     near me factory China wholesaler France Hot Sale Agricultural Machinery Dq854 85HP 4WD Strong Power Four Wheel Drive Farm Tractor with Ce Certificate     near me factory

China Good quality High Quality Agricultural Machinery Dq1304A 130HP 4X4 4WD Four Wheel Farm Tractor with Ce Certificate with Hot selling

Product Description

HIgh quality Agricultural machinery DQ1304A 130HP 4×4 4WD Four wheel Farm Tractor with CE certificate

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Model  DQ1304A
Drive type  4×4, 4WD
Engine 
Engine brand and model  YTO brand, 6 cylinder diesel engine Model LR6M5-23
Type In-line, direct injection,Water cooling, 4 stroke,6-cylinder
Engine power (kw)   95.6kw/130HP
Displacement(L) 7.7
Rated speed (r/min) 2300
Lowest fuel consumption (g/kw·h) ≤242
Cylinder·Bore·Stroke 6-110×135
Fuel tank capacity (L) 250.1
Transmission 
Clutch  USA Imported JpV brand, 13 inch Dry,dual-stage type
PTO Speed (rpm)  540/1000 or 760/1000(optional)
Gearshift  16F+8R/8F+8R
Hydraulic system 
Hydraulic output valve  2-Group (optional)
Steering type Full Hydraulic steering
Three point linkage 
Category of 3-point link Rear,Category II
Max. Lifting capacity@610mm point (KN)   >16
Technical parameter 
Dimension LxWxH mm  4593x2050x2810
Wheel base(mm) 2195
Track base(mm) front wheel 1610
Track base(mm) rear wheel 1620-2571 (usual 1620) (adjustable )
The smallest clearance(mm) 379
Front tyre  12.4-24 (Optional 13.6-24)
Rear tyre  16.9-34 (Optional 18.4-30)
Front Ballast 220kg (11 pcs, 40kg/pcs)
Rear Ballast 180kg ( standard 1 lays/ side, Max 3 lays/side))
Optional Configurations
Common cabin with Fan; Heater cabin; AC cabin; ROPS; Canopy (Sunshade); 8F+8R shuttle gearshift, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve; Front bumper, Front ballast, Rear ballast; Paddy tire, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity/40HC 3 Sets in Nude packing for CBU shipping

DQ1304A 130HP 4WD Tractror details :


DQ1304A 130HP 4WD Tractor have different configurations for you choose:

Advance Manufacutring Line :

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Tractor Packing, Loading container and  Delivering goods to Customers :

Please contact us if you have any demand for our product :

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China Good quality High Quality Agricultural Machinery Dq1304A 130HP 4X4 4WD Four Wheel Farm Tractor with Ce Certificate     with Hot sellingChina Good quality High Quality Agricultural Machinery Dq1304A 130HP 4X4 4WD Four Wheel Farm Tractor with Ce Certificate     with Hot selling

China Good quality China Top Precision Machining Parts for Machinery Parts near me supplier

Product Description

CHINA High Precision Mechanical Part With CNC Machining
  
A.Products Available
bolts, screws, nuts, rivets, Heatsink, shafts(axles, spline shafts, dart shafts),gears (pinions, wheels ) bearing, LED light-fixture, auto parts, electronic parts, valve,pump parts,sprocket wheels etc.
 
B.Advantage
1. Competitive price with good quality                             
2. Low MOQ (200pcs is even acceptable in some special conditions) 
3. Short lead time (7-30days according to order qty)  
4. Customized size and spec /OEM available

C.Materials Available
1. Stainless Steel: SS201, SS303, SS304, SS316 etc.
2. Carbon Steel: AISI 1045, 9SMnPb28 etc
3. Brass:C36000 (C26800), C37700 (HPb59), C38500(HPb58), C27200(CuZn37), C28000(CuZn40) etc.
4. Bronze: C51000, C52100, C54400, etc.
5. Iron: grey iron and ductile iron
6. Aluminum: 6061, 6063,7075,5052 etc.
 
D.Processing Method
 cnc machining, turning, milling, drilling, grinding, broaching, welding and assembly.
 
E.Package
 suitable for sea and air transportation or as required

F.Small orders accepted

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China Good quality China Top Precision Machining Parts for Machinery Parts     near me supplier China Good quality China Top Precision Machining Parts for Machinery Parts     near me supplier

China Best Sales OEM ODM Tractor Parts Pto Drive Transmission Shaft/Propeller Shaft for Agriculture Machinery Ce Certificate with Great quality

Product Description

OEM ODM PTO Shaft for Farm Machine and Agriculture Machine

1. Power or torque related to alternating load you require.  

2. Cross journal(Universal joint) size which decides torque of a PTO Shaft:  

3 Closed overall length (or cross to cross) of a PTO shaft.  

4 Tubes or Pipes  

FAQ

1. Q: Are your products forged or cast?

    A: All of our products are forged.

2. Q: Do you have a CE certificate?
    A: Yes, we are CE qualified.
3. Q: What’s the horse power of the pto shaft are available?
    A: We provide a full range of pto shaft, ranging from 16HP-200HP.
4. Q: How many splined specification do you have ?
    A: We produce 1 1/8″-Z6, 1 3/8″-Z6, 1 3/4″-Z6, 1 3/8″- Z21, 1 3/4″-Z20, 8X42X48X8 and 8X32X38X6 splines.
5. Q: How about the warranty?
    A: We guarantee 1 year warranty. With quality problems, we will send you the new products for free within next shipment.
6. Q: What’s your payment terms?
    A: T/T, L/C, D/A, D/P….
7. Q: What is the delivery time?
    A: 30 days after receiving your advanced deposit.
8. Q: What’s your MOQ?
    A: 50 PCS for each type.

 

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

China Best Sales OEM ODM Tractor Parts Pto Drive Transmission Shaft/Propeller Shaft for Agriculture Machinery Ce Certificate     with Great qualityChina Best Sales OEM ODM Tractor Parts Pto Drive Transmission Shaft/Propeller Shaft for Agriculture Machinery Ce Certificate     with Great quality

China factory Argentina Hot Sale Agriculture Machinery Tractor Dq1804 180HP 4WD China Cheap Large Wheel Farm Tractor with ISO Ce Oecd Co Certificates with Free Design Custom

Product Description

Argentina hot sale agriculture machinery tractor DQ1804 180HP 4WD China Cheap Large wheel farm Tractor with ISO CE OECD CO certificates

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:

1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

DQ1804 180HP 4WD Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

DQ1804 180HP 4WD Tractror details :


DQ1804 180HP 4WD Tractor have Sunshade( Canopy) and AC cabin for you choose:

Advance Manufacutring Line :

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Various kind Tractor Packing and Transporting service to meet customers’ special demand:

Perfect after-sale service for both Distributors and Private customers:

Please contact us if you have any demand for our Product  :

 

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

China factory Argentina Hot Sale Agriculture Machinery Tractor Dq1804 180HP 4WD China Cheap Large Wheel Farm Tractor with ISO Ce Oecd Co Certificates     with Free Design CustomChina factory Argentina Hot Sale Agriculture Machinery Tractor Dq1804 180HP 4WD China Cheap Large Wheel Farm Tractor with ISO Ce Oecd Co Certificates     with Free Design Custom

China factory 654 Tractor, Advanced Farm Equipment, Farm Machinery for Farm Land wholesaler

Product Description

654 Tractor, advanced farm equipment, farm machinery for farm land

 

Product Description
Universal tractor
1.65hp
2. Engine model: YTO engine
3. PTO Speed(rpm): 540/1000
4.4 wheel driving

Basic Information for Agriculture Farm Tractor 654

1. Place of origin: ZheJiang , China
2. Rated Power: 47.8kw
3. Engine: 4 cylinder diesel engine
4. Drive type: 4 wheel drive / 4wd /4 *4
8. Steering type: Hydraulic power steering
5. Clutch: Double stage clutch
6. Transmission type: F12+R12 shuttle gears
7. Instrument panel: Combined instrument panel
8. Linkage: Category 1 rear-mounted 3-point linkage
9. Partial seperated hydraulic lifter

Advantages and Characteristics of this series tractor:

1. Equipped with famous brand engine, with good performance, low fuel consumption and high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance with novel design.
3.6 or 8 spline PTO( Power Take Off).
4. Rotation speed of PTO: 540/760r/min.
5. Can be equipped with ROPS, canopy, cabin, front/rear ballast, loader, and so on
6. Tire size: Front tire 8.3-20, rear tire 12.4-28.
7. Can match implements such as Front end loader, Backhoe, Plough, Harrow, Trailer, snow blower, and so on.

40hp-65hp Series have both 2WD AND 4WD type wheel farm tractor for dry and paddy field and for transportation. It can be used for various farm working with many implements, such as plough, harrow, harvest machine, flail mower, trailer etc.
1. ISO certificate
2. Four-wheel-drive, a well sealed from drive axle
3. Non-maintenance of battery
4. Equipped with famous engine, lower oil consumption, high torque reservoir, excellent starting
5. Excellent working with draft control lever and position control lever, hydraulic steering system.
6. Steamline shape, compound panel
7. ROPS, canopy, enclosed cabin, multi-way hydraulic valve etc. Can be chosen according to working request

Model 554 604 654
Drive Type 4×4 4×4 4×4
Rated Power (HP/KW) 55/40.5 60/44.2 65/47.8
Overall Dimensions L×W×H (mm) 3980×1635×2150
Wheelbase(mm) 2040 2040 2040
Front tread(mm) 1400 1400 1400
Rear tread(mm) 1300-1600 (Normal 1300)
Min. ground clearance(mm) 325 325 325
Tyre  Front tyre 8.3-20 8.3-20 8.3-20
Rear tyre 12.4-28
Structure weight 2190 (without cabin)/2370  ( with cabin )
Min. operational weight 2360 (without cabin) / 2540 ( with cabin )
Engine  Model  Y C  4105 Y C 4105 Y C 4105
Type  In-line, 4 cylinder, direct injection, water cooler,4 stroke,natural breath
Rated traction force (KN) 12 12.5 13
Theoretical speed (km/h) F: 2.46-32.73  R: 2.15-28.69
Transmission type 4×3×(1+1)compound;Shuttle Gear
Clutch  Dual stage clutch,dry type,single disk
Hydraulic output valve Single hydraulic output or multi-way valve
Steering type Hydrostatic power steering
Hydraulic Hitch type Partial separated
Speed of PTO (r/min) 540/760 or 540/1000
Spline shaft size (mm) Φ35×6 

Certificate


Other Models

Business Partners

FAQ:
Q1. How to ship the vehicles?
A:   By container, bulk ship, RORO.

Q2. Do you have RHD(right hand driving) vehicles?
A:   Yes, noramlly we supply all LHD vehicles, and we have some RHD model vehicles.

Q3. What is your payment term?
A:  We usually accept T/T or L/C depends on the quantity. 
     T/T, deposit in advance, and balance paid before delivery from factory.

Q4. Which model vehicles do you supply?
A:  We supply all kinds of vehicles such as SUV, MPV, Pickup,van,truck, bus etc,.

Q5. What is your terms of delivery?
A:   FOB, CIF.

Q6. How about your delivery time?
A:  Generally, it will take 30 to 60 days after receiving your advance payment. The specific delivery time depends on the items and the quantity of your order.

Q7. Do you test all your goods before delivery?
A:   Yes, we have 100% test before delivery

Q8: What can you guarantee to your business partner?
A:  Best price with good quality. We guarantee quality and after sale service to satisfy our business partners. 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China factory 654 Tractor, Advanced Farm Equipment, Farm Machinery for Farm Land     wholesaler China factory 654 Tractor, Advanced Farm Equipment, Farm Machinery for Farm Land     wholesaler