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China high quality Turkmenistan Hot Selling Dq854 85HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor with Europe Ce Certificate with Free Design Custom

Product Description

Turkmenistan hot selling DQ854 85HP 4×4 4WD Agricultural wheel Farm Tractor with Europe CE certificate

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:

1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Tractor Model  DQ854
Drive type 4WD
Engine
Engine model  YTO or CZPT brand, 4 cylinder diesel engine
Capacity of fuel tank(L) 150
Engine power(kw/hp) 62.5kw/85HP
PTO power at rated speed (kw) 53
Transmission 
Clutch  Dry,dual-stage type
PTO Speed(rpm)  540/1000 or 760/1000
Gearshift     8F+4R(common) /16F+8R(optional)/8F+8R(optional)  
Hydraulic system 
Hydraulic output valve 2-Group (optional)
Three point linkage 
Category of 3-point link Category II
Lifting force (at point of 610mm)KN >16
Technical parameter 
Dimension LxWxH (mm)  4593x2050x2810
Wheel base(mm) 2195
Track base(mm) front wheel 1610
Track base(mm) rear wheel  1620-2571(usual 1620)
The smallest clearance(mm) 379
Front tyre 11.2-24
Rear tyre 16.9-34(common) / 18.4-30(optional) 
Optional Configurations
Common cabin with Fan; Heater cabin; AC cabin; ROPS; Canopy (Sunshade); 8F+8R shuttle gearshift, 16F+4R creeper gearshift, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve; Front ballast;Rear ballast; Paddy tire, 18.4-30 big rear tire, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity/40HC 3 Sets in Nude packing for CBU shipping

DQ854 85HP 4WD Tractor details :

DQ854 85HP4WD Tractor have different configurations for you choose:

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Tractor Packing, Loading container and  Delivering goods to Customers :

Please contact us if you have any demand for our product :

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China high quality Turkmenistan Hot Selling Dq854 85HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor with Europe Ce Certificate     with Free Design CustomChina high quality Turkmenistan Hot Selling Dq854 85HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor with Europe Ce Certificate     with Free Design Custom

China Hot selling High Quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big Chassis Agriculture Wheeled Farm Tractor for Sale near me shop

Product Description

High Quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big chassis Agriculture Wheeled Farm Tractor for Sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Model DQ1304
Drive type  4×4, 4WD wheel type
Engine
Engine brand and model YTO brand, diesel engine Model LR6M5-22
Type   In-line, direct injection,Water cooling, 4 stroke,6-cylinder
Engine power at rated speed 95.6kw/130HP
Rated Power of PTO 82 KW
Max. traction Force (KN) 32.5
Displacement(L) 7.13
Compression ratio 18:1
Rated speed (r/min) 2200
Lowest fuel consumption (g/kw.h) ≤210
Cylinder·Bore·Stroke 6-110×125
Fuel tank capacity (L) 350
Muffler Dimension (Dia.×Length) (mm) φ600×295×140
Muffler weight (kg) 7.2
Steering type Full Hydraulic steering
Transmission
Clutch USA JpV brand, 13 inch dual-stage Clutch
PTO Speed (rpm) 540/1000
Gearshift 16F+8R
Speed range (km/h) F: 1.37-32.93 / R:2.09-30.63
Driving brake Wet, disk, hydro-static operate
Gearbox 4×2×(2+1)
Gearbox shifting way Joggle cover
Walking system
Frame type Frameless
Tyre size( front/rear) 14.9-26/18.4-38
Pressure( front/rear) (kPa) 157-196/150-200
Rim material 330CL
Working device
Lifter type Semi-detached model
Max. Lifting force (KN) 27
Suspension model Rear, three-point linkages
Suspension category  Category II
Adjusting control Position control, float control
Hydraulic pump type Gear pump CBN-E325L
Hydraulic output valve 3 Groups
P.T.O. type 1 type, rear
Spline no. of P.T.O. 6( standard), 8, 21
Diameter of spline 35
RPM 540/1000 or 760/1000
Technical parameter
Overall Dimension (LxWxH) (mm) 5240×2345×2995
Wheel base (mm) 2530/2657
Track base-Front /R(mm) 1650-2285 (1950 ex-work) /1620-2420 (1850 ex-work)
Track base adjusting way Limited/unlimited
Minimum ground clearance (mm)  520
Min. operational weight (kg) 4755
Front /Rear axle weight (kg) 2050/2705
Front Ballast 440kg (11 pcs, 40kg/pcs)
Rear Ballast 520kg (2 lays each side)
Covering Air-conditioning Cabin or Sunshade (Canopy)
Structure weight (kg) 5400(without cabin)/5780 (with cabin)

DQ1304 130HP 4WD Heavy duty tractor showing:

Top-rank technical team and Advance R&D Center :

Advance Production workshop :

Strictly inspect for every set machine before Goods Delivery :

Company Honors and Certificates:

Personalized Packing and Transporting Service to meet different customers’ demand :

Perfect after-sale service for both Distributors and Private customers:

Please contact us if you have any demand for our Product  :

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

China Hot selling High Quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big Chassis Agriculture Wheeled Farm Tractor for Sale     near me shop China Hot selling High Quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big Chassis Agriculture Wheeled Farm Tractor for Sale     near me shop

China Standard High Quality Enfly Brand 80HP 85HP 90HP 95HP 100HP 110HP 4X4 4WD Big Agriculture Wheel Farming Tractor with Td Bype Big Chassis for Sale with Hot selling

Product Description

High quality Enfly brand 80HP 85HP 90HP 95HP 100HP 110HP 4×4 4WD Big Agriculture wheel Farming Tractor with TD bype big Chassis for sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Tractor Model DQ1004
Drive type 4×4, 4WD
Engine
Engine type YTO or CZPT brand, 4 or 6 cylinder diesel engine
Capacity of fuel tank(L) 150
Rated speed (r/min) 2300
Engine power at rated speed(kw/hp) 73.5kw/100HP
Transmission
Clutch Dry,Dual-stage type
PTO Speed (rpm) 540/1000 or 760/1000
Gear shift 8F+4R/16F+8R(optional)/8F+8R(optional)
Hydraulic system
Hydraulic output valve 2-Group (optional)
Three point linkage
Category of 3-point link Category II
Lifting force @ point of 610mm) KN >16
Technical parameter
Dimension (LxWxH) (mm) 4593x2050x2810
Wheel base(mm) 2195
Track base(mm) front wheel 1610
Track base(mm) rear wheel 1620-2571 (usual 1620)
The smallest clearance(mm) 379
Front tyre 11.2-24
Rear tyre 16.9-34(common)/18.4-30(optional)
Optional Configurations
Common cabin with Fan; Heater cabin; AC cabin; ROPS; Canopy (Sunshade); 8F+8R shuttle gearshift, 16F+4R creeper gearshift, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve; Front ballast, Rear ballast; Paddy tire, 7.5-16 front tire, 18.4-30 big rear tire, 6 cylinder diesel engine, Heavy-duty rear, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity/40HC 3 Sets in Nude packing for CBU shipping

Tractror details showing:



 
Tractor have different configurations for you choose:

Advance Manufacutring Line :

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Tractor Packing, Loading container and  Delivering goods to Customers :

 

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

Types of Splines

There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
splineshaft

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

China Standard High Quality Enfly Brand 80HP 85HP 90HP 95HP 100HP 110HP 4X4 4WD Big Agriculture Wheel Farming Tractor with Td Bype Big Chassis for Sale     with Hot sellingChina Standard High Quality Enfly Brand 80HP 85HP 90HP 95HP 100HP 110HP 4X4 4WD Big Agriculture Wheel Farming Tractor with Td Bype Big Chassis for Sale     with Hot selling

China high quality Chile Hot Sale Dq1104 110HP 4WD Yto or CZPT Diesel Engine Four Wheel Farm Tractor with Comfortable Cabin with Hot selling

Product Description

High quality Agricultural Equipment DQ1104 110HP 4WD Big wheel Farming tractor from Tractor factory manufacturer 

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:

1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world. 
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Tractor Model  DQ1104
Drive type 4×4
Engine
Engine type YTO or CZPT brand, 4 cylinder diesel engine
Capacity of fuel tank(L) 150
Rated speed (r/min) 2300
Engine power at rated speed(kw/hp) 81kw/110HP
Transmission 
Clutch  Dry,Dual-stage type
PTO Speed (rpm)  540/1000 or 760/1000
Gear shift  8F+4R/16F+8R(optional)/8F+8R(optional)
Hydraulic system 
Hydraulic output valve  2-Group (optional)
Three point linkage 
Category of 3-point link Category II
Lifting force @ point of 610mm) KN >18
Technical parameter 
Dimension (LxWxH) (mm)  4593x2050x2810
Wheel base(mm) 2195
Track base(mm) front wheel 1610
Track base(mm) rear wheel 1620-2571 (usual 1620)
The smallest clearance(mm) 379
Front tyre  11.2-24
Rear tyre  16.9-34(common)/18.4-30(optional)
Optional Configurations
Common cabin with Fan; Heater cabin; AC cabin; ROPS; Canopy (Sunshade); 8F+8R shuttle gearshift, 16F+4R creeper gearshift, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve; Front ballast, Rear ballast; Paddy tire, 7.5-16 front tire, 18.4-30 big rear tire, 6 cylinder diesel engine, Heavy-duty rear, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity/40HC 3 Sets in Nude packing for CBU shipping

DQ1104 110HP 4WD Tractror showing :

DQ1104 110HP 4WD Tractor have different optional configurations for choose :

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:


Tractor Packing and Loading container for Delivering goods :

Various Transport modes and Delivery term to meet different customers demand :

 

Please contact us if you have any demand for our product :

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

China high quality Chile Hot Sale Dq1104 110HP 4WD Yto or CZPT Diesel Engine Four Wheel Farm Tractor with Comfortable Cabin     with Hot sellingChina high quality Chile Hot Sale Dq1104 110HP 4WD Yto or CZPT Diesel Engine Four Wheel Farm Tractor with Comfortable Cabin     with Hot selling

China high quality Hot Sale High Quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor with Great quality

Product Description

Hot Sale High quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Model DQ1304
Drive type  4×4, 4WD wheel type
Engine
Engine brand and model YTO brand, diesel engine Model LR6M5-22
Type   In-line, direct injection,Water cooling, 4 stroke,6-cylinder
Engine power at rated speed 95.6kw/130HP
Rated Power of PTO 82 KW
Max. traction Force (KN) 32.5
Displacement(L) 7.13
Compression ratio 18:1
Rated speed (r/min) 2200
Lowest fuel consumption (g/kw.h) ≤210
Cylinder·Bore·Stroke 6-110×125
Fuel tank capacity (L) 350
Muffler Dimension (Dia.×Length) (mm) φ600×295×140
Muffler weight (kg) 7.2
Steering type Full Hydraulic steering
Transmission
Clutch USA JpV brand, 13 inch dual-stage Clutch
PTO Speed (rpm) 540/1000
Gearshift 16F+8R
Speed range (km/h) F: 1.37-32.93 / R:2.09-30.63
Driving brake Wet, disk, hydro-static operate
Gearbox 4×2×(2+1)
Gearbox shifting way Joggle cover
Walking system
Frame type Frameless
Tyre size( front/rear) 14.9-26/18.4-38
Pressure( front/rear) (kPa) 157-196/150-200
Rim material 330CL
Working device
Lifter type Semi-detached model
Max. Lifting force (KN) 27
Suspension model Rear, three-point linkages
Suspension category  Category II
Adjusting control Position control, float control
Hydraulic pump type Gear pump CBN-E325L
Hydraulic output valve 3 Groups
P.T.O. type 1 type, rear
Spline no. of P.T.O. 6( standard), 8, 21
Diameter of spline 35
RPM 540/1000 or 760/1000
Technical parameter
Overall Dimension (LxWxH) (mm) 5240×2345×2995
Wheel base (mm) 2530/2657
Track base-Front /R(mm) 1650-2285 (1950 ex-work) /1620-2420 (1850 ex-work)
Track base adjusting way Limited/unlimited
Minimum ground clearance (mm)  520
Min. operational weight (kg) 4755
Front /Rear axle weight (kg) 2050/2705
Front Ballast 440kg (11 pcs, 40kg/pcs)
Rear Ballast 520kg (2 lays each side)
Covering Air-conditioning Cabin or Sunshade (Canopy)
Structure weight (kg) 5400(without cabin)/5780 (with cabin)

DQ1304 130HP 4WD Tractor details:

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

 

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Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China high quality Hot Sale High Quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor     with Great qualityChina high quality Hot Sale High Quality Dq1304 130HP 4WD Heavy Duty Big Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor     with Great quality

China Best Sales Ce Approved Dq704A 70HP 4WD Agricultural Wheel Tractor with Tz08d Grapple Bucket Type Front End Loader with high quality

Product Description

CE approved DQ704A 70HP 4WD Agricultural Wheel Tractor with  TZ08D Grapple bucket  type Front end loader

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:

1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760 or 1000 r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Model DQ704A
Drive type 4×4, Four wheel drive
Engine
Brand Yuchai or YTO
Type of engine 4 cylinder, in-line, water cool, natural aspirate
Model YT4B4-22
Bore x stroke 108 x 130mm
Displacement 4.76L
Ratio 18:1
Capacity of fuel tank(L) 125L
Engine power at rated speed (kw) 51.5
Rated speed (r/min) 2200
Fuel tank capacity (L) 125
Transmission
Clutch wet,dual-stage type
Gear box 8F+8R or 12F+12R shuttle gearshift
Gear box type Joggle cover type
Differential Close type, 4 planetary bevel gear
Tyre
Front tire 8.3-24 /9.5-20(optional)
Rear tire 11-32 /14.9-28(optional)
Working device
Three point linkage Rear, category II, force, position control
Hydraulic output device 2-Group (optional)
PTO type Semi-separate, 6 spline, 540/760rpm
Technical parameter
Steering Hydraulic steering
Brake type Wet, disc type
Overall size (LxWxH) (mm)   3593x1850x2568
Weight (kg) 2550
Wheel base(mm) 2040
Track base (mm) Front wheel 1250-1350
Rear wheel 1300-1500
The smallest clearance (mm) 370
Front tire 8.3-24
Rear tire 11.0-32
Optional Configuration
ROPS, Canopy(Sunshade), Front ballast, Rear ballast, Fan cabin, Heater cabin, Air-conditioning cabin, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve, Big R1 tire F9.5-20/R14.9-28, Paddy tires, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity/Container 1 set/20ft container, 3 sets/40HQ

DQ704A 70HP 4WD Tractor details show :

TZ08D CE Approval Euro quick hitch type Front end loader :

TZ08D Tractor Front end loader Main Features and Usage :

1.Used in Shoveling, stacking or short-distance transportation of loose material, like mud, sand, CZPT or garbage.
2.Featured with compact structure, flexibility, convenient operation and quick mounting and dismounting.
3.Hydraulic transmission is used,Featured with compact structure, flexibility, convenient operation and quick mounting and dismounting.
It uses hydraulic oil commonly with tractor. The hydraulic elements are standardized, convenient for operation and service.
4.Different work devices are optional, such as combined buckets(4 in 1 Bucket), grating cover bucket, pallet handler, timber grab and bale fork, etc,
so as to accomplish different kinds of work successfully.

TZ08D Front end loader Specifications:
 

Front End Loader Model Unit TZ08D
Matching Tractor hp 55-75
Rated Lifting Capacity kg 800
Max.Lifting height@Implement Pivot pin mm 3400
Max. Dumping height mm 2480
Overloading height mm 3220
Dumping distance mm 690
Ground Clearance @Arm pivot pin mm 1630
Digging depth mm 140
Bucket width (standard) mm 1600
Bucket Capacity m3 0.40
Max Tip in Angle degree ° 54
Dump Angle degree ° 58
Crowd angle @lowered lift arm degree ° 135
Rated Lifting Capacity kg 800

Front end loader details:

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Customlized Tractor Packing and Transporting service to meet different customers demand

Please Contact us if you have any demand for our Product

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China Best Sales Ce Approved Dq704A 70HP 4WD Agricultural Wheel Tractor with Tz08d Grapple Bucket Type Front End Loader     with high qualityChina Best Sales Ce Approved Dq704A 70HP 4WD Agricultural Wheel Tractor with Tz08d Grapple Bucket Type Front End Loader     with high quality

China manufacturer Ce Certificate High Quality Dq554G 55HP 4WD Agriculture Wheel Farming Tractor with Air Conditioning Cabin near me shop

Product Description

CE certificate High quality DQ554G 55HP 4WD Agricultural  wheel farm tractor with Air conditioning cabin

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:

1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity, low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly, reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment.

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Tractor Model  DQ554G
Drive type 4×4, 4WD wheel type
Engine
Engine model  Yuchai 4105 Model, 4 cylinder, diesel engine
Capacity of fuel tank(L) 80
Rated speed (r/min) 2300
Engine power 40.5kw/55HP
Steering Hydraulic steering
Transmission
Clutch Dry,dual-stage type
PTO Speed(rpm) Dual speed 540/760
Gearshift  8F+8R(common) or 12F+12R(option) shuttle gearshift
Hydraulic system
Hydraulic output valve 2-Group (optional)
Three point linkage
Category of 3-point link Category I
Lifting capacity @610mm point (KN) 13
Technical parameter
Dimension LxWxH (mm) 3593*1850*2568
Wheel base(mm) 2040
Track base(mm) front wheel  1250-1350
Track base(mm) rear wheel  1300-1500
The smallest clearance(mm) 370
Front tyre  8.3-20
Rear tyre  11-32
Weight(kg) 2500
Optional Configuration
Fan cabin, Heater cabin, Air-conditioning cabin, ROPS, Canopy(Sunshade), Front ballast, Rear ballast, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve,12F+12R Shuttle gearshift, Paddy tyres F8.3-20/R11-32, R1 tyres F9.5-20/R14.9-28, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity 3 sets/40HC in Nude packing for CUB shipping

DQ554G 55HP 4WD Tractor have different configurations for choose :

DQ554G 55HP 4WD Tractor details show :

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Various Packing and Transporting models to meet different customers demand :

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China manufacturer Ce Certificate High Quality Dq554G 55HP 4WD Agriculture Wheel Farming Tractor with Air Conditioning Cabin     near me shop China manufacturer Ce Certificate High Quality Dq554G 55HP 4WD Agriculture Wheel Farming Tractor with Air Conditioning Cabin     near me shop

China Good quality High Quality Dq804 80HP 4WD Four Wheel Drive Agricultural Farming Tractor with Canopy for Sale with Good quality

Product Description

High quality DQ804 80HP 4WD Four wheel drive Agricultural Farming Tractor with Canopy for sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:

1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world. 
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Tractor Model  DQ804
Drive type 4WD
Engine
Engine model  YTO or CZPT brand, 4 cylinder diesel engine
Capacity of fuel tank(L) 150
Engine power(kw/hp) 58.8kw/80HP
PTO power at rated speed (kw) 50.2
Transmission 
Clutch  Dry,dual-stage type
PTO Speed(rpm)  540/1 

 
Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

Types of Splines

There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
splineshaft

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

China Good quality High Quality Dq804 80HP 4WD Four Wheel Drive Agricultural Farming Tractor with Canopy for Sale     with Good qualityChina Good quality High Quality Dq804 80HP 4WD Four Wheel Drive Agricultural Farming Tractor with Canopy for Sale     with Good quality

China Best Sales High Quality Dq704b 70HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Farm Tractor with Canopy for Sale near me manufacturer

Product Description

High quality DQ704B 70HP 4×4 4WD Agricultural Farm Tractor with Canopy for sale

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Model  DQ704B
Drive type  4×4
Engine
Engine model YTO, 4-Cylinder diesel engine
Capacity of fuel tank (L) 78
Engine power at rated speed (kw/hp) 51.5kw/70HP
PTO power at rated speed (kw) 43.8
Transmission
Steering type Full Hydraulic Steering
Clutch Dry,Dual-stage type
PTO Speed (rpm) 540/760
Gearshift  8F+2R /16F+4R
Hydraulic system
Hydraulic output flux (L/min) 30
Hydraulic output valve  2-Group (optional)
Three point linkage
Category of 3-point link  Category II
Lifting force (at point of 610mm)KN 12.5
Technical parameter
Dimension (L x W x H)mm 4571x1929x2568
Wheel base(mm) 2236
Track base(mm) front wheel 1450
Track base(mm) rear wheel 1530
The smallest clearance(mm) 340
Front tyre  8.3-24
Rear tyre  14.9-30
Optional Configurations
Common cabin with Fan; Heater cabin; AC cabin;ROPS; Canopy (Sunshade); 16F+4R creeper gearshift, Positive type Hydraulic lifter, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve; Front ballast; Rear ballast; Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading quantity
3 units/40HC container in Bare packing ; 6 units/40HC container in Bulk packing by Iron crate 

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Tractor Packing and Loading container for Delivering goods :

High quality DQ704B 70HP 4WD tractor have different Optional configurations for choose:


 

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

The Different Types of Splines in a Splined Shaft

A splined shaft is a machine component with internal and external splines. The splines are formed in 4 different ways: Involute, Parallel, Serrated, and Ball. You can learn more about each type of spline in this article. When choosing a splined shaft, be sure to choose the right 1 for your application. Read on to learn about the different types of splines and how they affect the shaft’s performance.
splineshaft

Involute splines

Involute splines in a splined shaft are used to secure and extend mechanical assemblies. They are smooth, inwardly curving grooves that resist separation during operation. A shaft with involute splines is often longer than the shaft itself. This feature allows for more axial movement. This is beneficial for many applications, especially in a gearbox.
The involute spline is a shaped spline, similar to a parallel spline. It is angled and consists of teeth that create a spiral pattern that enables linear and rotatory motion. It is distinguished from other splines by the serrations on its flanks. It also has a flat top. It is a good option for couplers and other applications where angular movement is necessary.
Involute splines are also called involute teeth because of their shape. They are flat on the top and curved on the sides. These teeth can be either internal or external. As a result, involute splines provide greater surface contact, which helps reduce stress and fatigue. Regardless of the shape, involute splines are generally easy to machine and fit.
Involute splines are a type of splines that are used in splined shafts. These splines have different names, depending on their diameters. An example set of designations is for a 32-tooth male spline, a 2,500-tooth module, and a 30 degree pressure angle. An example of a female spline, a fillet root spline, is used to describe the diameter of the splined shaft.
The effective tooth thickness of splines is dependent on the number of keyways and the type of spline. Involute splines in splined shafts should be designed to engage 25 to 50 percent of the spline teeth during the coupling. Involute splines should be able to withstand the load without cracking.

Parallel splines

Parallel splines are formed on a splined shaft by putting 1 or more teeth into another. The male spline is positioned at the center of the female spline. The teeth of the male spline are also parallel to the shaft axis, but a common misalignment causes the splines to roll and tilt. This is common in many industrial applications, and there are a number of ways to improve the performance of splines.
Typically, parallel splines are used to reduce friction in a rotating part. The splines on a splined shaft are narrower on the end face than the interior, which makes them more prone to wear. This type of spline is used in a variety of industries, such as machinery, and it also allows for greater efficiency when transmitting torque.
Involute splines on a splined shaft are the most common. They have equally spaced teeth, and are therefore less likely to crack due to fatigue. They also tend to be easy to cut and fit. However, they are not the best type of spline. It is important to understand the difference between parallel and involute splines before deciding on which spline to use.
The difference between splined and involute splines is the size of the grooves. Involute splines are generally larger than parallel splines. These types of splines provide more torque to the gear teeth and reduce stress during operation. They are also more durable and have a longer life span. And because they are used on farm machinery, they are essential in this type of application.
splineshaft

Serrated splines

A Serrated Splined Shaft has several advantages. This type of shaft is highly adjustable. Its large number of teeth allows large torques, and its shorter tooth width allows for greater adjustment. These features make this type of shaft an ideal choice for applications where accuracy is critical. Listed below are some of the benefits of this type of shaft. These benefits are just a few of the advantages. Learn more about this type of shaft.
The process of hobbing is inexpensive and highly accurate. It is useful for external spline shafts, but is not suitable for internal splines. This type of process forms synchronized shapes on the shaft, reducing the manufacturing cycle and stabilizing the relative phase between spline and thread. It uses a grinding wheel to shape the shaft. CZPT Manufacturing has a large inventory of Serrated Splined Shafts.
The teeth of a Serrated Splined Shaft are designed to engage with the hub over the entire circumference of the shaft. The teeth of the shaft are spaced uniformly around the spline, creating a multiple-tooth point of contact over the entire length of the shaft. The results of these analyses are usually satisfactory. But there are some limitations. To begin with, the splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft should be chosen carefully. If the application requires large-scale analysis, it may be necessary to modify the design.
The splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft are also used for other purposes. They can be used to transmit torque to another device. They also act as an anti-rotational device and function as a linear guide. Both the design and the type of splines determine the function of the Splined Shaft. In the automobile industry, they are used in vehicles, aerospace, earth-moving machinery, and many other industries.

Ball splines

The invention relates to a ball-spinned shaft. The shaft comprises a plurality of balls that are arranged in a series and are operatively coupled to a load path section. The balls are capable of rolling endlessly along the path. This invention also relates to a ball bearing. Here, a ball bearing is 1 of the many types of gears. The following discussion describes the features of a ball bearing.
A ball-splined shaft assembly comprises a shaft with at least 1 ball-spline groove and a plurality of circumferential step grooves. The shaft is held in a first holding means that extends longitudinally and is rotatably held by a second holding means. Both the shaft and the first holding means are driven relative to 1 another by a first driving means. It is possible to manufacture a ball-splined shaft in a variety of ways.
A ball-splined shaft features a nut with recirculating balls. The ball-splined nut rides in these grooves to provide linear motion while preventing rotation. A splined shaft with a nut that has recirculating balls can also provide rotary motion. A ball splined shaft also has higher load capacities than a ball bushing. For these reasons, ball splines are an excellent choice for many applications.
In this invention, a pair of ball-spinned shafts are housed in a box under a carrier device 40. Each of the 2 shafts extends along a longitudinal line of arm 50. One end of each shaft is supported rotatably by a slide block 56. The slide block also has a support arm 58 that supports the center arm 50 in a cantilever fashion.
splineshaft

Sector no-go gage

A no-go gauge is a tool that checks the splined shaft for oversize. It is an effective way to determine the oversize condition of a splined shaft without removing the shaft. It measures external splines and serrations. The no-go gage is available in sizes ranging from 19mm to 130mm with a 25mm profile length.
The sector no-go gage has 2 groups of diametrally opposed teeth. The space between them is manufactured to a maximum space width and the tooth thickness must be within a predetermined tolerance. This gage would be out of tolerance if the splines were measured with a pin. The dimensions of this splined shaft can be found in the respective ANSI or DIN standards.
The go-no-go gage is useful for final inspection of thread pitch diameter. It is also useful for splined shafts and threaded nuts. The thread of a screw must match the contour of the go-no-go gage head to avoid a no-go condition. There is no substitute for a quality machine. It is an essential tool for any splined shaft and fastener manufacturer.
The NO-GO gage can detect changes in tooth thickness. It can be calibrated under ISO17025 standards and has many advantages over a non-go gage. It also gives a visual reference of the thickness of a splined shaft. When the teeth match, the shaft is considered ready for installation. It is a critical process. In some cases, it is impossible to determine the precise length of the shaft spline.
The 45-degree pressure angle is most commonly used for axles and torque-delivering members. This pressure angle is the most economical in terms of tool life, but the splines will not roll neatly like a 30 degree angle. The 45-degree spline is more likely to fall off larger than the other two. Oftentimes, it will also have a crowned look. The 37.5 degree pressure angle is a compromise between the other 2 pressure angles. It is often used when the splined shaft material is harder than usual.

China Best Sales High Quality Dq704b 70HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Farm Tractor with Canopy for Sale     near me manufacturer China Best Sales High Quality Dq704b 70HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Farm Tractor with Canopy for Sale     near me manufacturer

China Professional Peru Hot Sale High Quality Dq1504 150HP 4WD Four Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor with Best Sales

Product Description

Peru hot sale High quality DQ1504 150HP 4WD Four wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Model DQ1504
Drive type  4×4, 4WD wheel type
Engine
Engine brand and model YTO brand, diesel engine Model LR6M3Z-23
Type   In-line, direct injection,Water cooling, 4 stroke,6-cylinder
Aspiration way Turbo
Engine power at rated speed 110.3kw/150HP
Rated Power of PTO 94 KW
Max. traction Force (KN) 32.5
Displacement(L) 7.13
Compression ratio 18:1
Rated speed (r/min) 2300
Lowest fuel consumption (g/kw.h) ≤210
Cylinder·Bore·Stroke 6-110×125
Fuel tank capacity (L) 350
Muffler Dimension (Dia.×Length) (mm) φ600×295×140
Muffler weight (kg) 7.2
Steering type Full Hydraulic steering
Transmission
Clutch USA JpV brand, 13 inch dual-stage Clutch
PTO Speed (rpm) 540/1000
Gearshift 16F+8R
Speed range (km/h) F: 1.37-32.93 / R:2.09-30.63
Driving brake Wet, disk, hydro-static operate
Gearbox 4×2×(2+1)
Gearbox shifting way Joggle cover
Walking system
Frame type Frameless
Tyre size( front/rear) 14.9-26/18.4-38
Pressure( front/rear) (kPa) 157-196/150-200
Rim material 330CL
Working device
Lifter type Semi-detached model
Max. Lifting force (KN) 27
Suspension model Rear, three-point linkages
Suspension category  Category II or III
Adjusting control Position control, float control
Hydraulic pump type Gear pump CBN-E325L
Hydraulic output valve 3 Groups
P.T.O. type 1 type, rear
Spline no. of P.T.O. 6( standard), 8, 21
Diameter of spline 35
RPM 540/1000 or 760/1000
Technical parameter
Overall Dimension (LxWxH) (mm) 5240×2345×2995
Wheel base (mm) 2530/2657
Track base-Front /R(mm) 1650-2285 (1950 ex-work) /1620-2420 (1850 ex-work)
Track base adjusting way Limited/unlimited
Minimum ground clearance (mm)  520
Min. operational weight (kg) 4755
Front /Rear axle weight (kg) 2050/2705
Front Ballast 440kg (11 pcs, 40kg/pcs)
Rear Ballast 520kg (2 lays each side)
Covering Air-conditioning Cabin or Sunshade (Canopy)
Structure weight (kg) 5400(without cabin)/5780 (with cabin)

Advance Manufacutring Line:

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Tractor Packing and Loading container for Delivering goods :

Various Transport modes and Delivery term to meet different customers demand :

 

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

Types of Splines

There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
splineshaft

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

China Professional Peru Hot Sale High Quality Dq1504 150HP 4WD Four Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor     with Best SalesChina Professional Peru Hot Sale High Quality Dq1504 150HP 4WD Four Wheel Agricultural Farm Tractor     with Best Sales